The Environment – Human Activity and Its Effects
Environment refers to the entire physical and social condition of a human society or its surroundings. Humans are part of the environment. The environment may be divided into two categories, external and internal, which include the influence of humans on the environment, and the human presence in the environment. Pollution is the introducing of dangerous contaminants to the environment that lead to adverse affect on living things. Pollution can also take the form of non-organic compounds, like noise, light, or heat, or of man-made chemicals.
Pollution has become a global problem, with the proliferation of polluting elements around the world. In large cities, pollution is unavoidable, because vehicles pollute the air as they travel through city streets. Pollution also affects wildlife, as well as plants and animals. Large forest areas of deserts also have developed severe problems from environmental pollution. The threat of environmental pollution has become real, and all living things need protection from this pollution.
Acid rain and Global warming are two more major threats to the environment. Acid rain is a result of the increased use of fossil fuels, which produce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and result in depleting the ozone layer. Global warming is the result of human activities, resulting in the emission of carbon dioxide, methane, and other greenhouse gases, altering the earth’s atmosphere. Acid rain and Global warming have been found to have led to the death of many living things, and destroyed coral reefs, leading to an environmental catastrophe. The consequences of acid rain and global warming are so serious that the Paris Agreement was designed to avoid such a devastating situation.
Environment refers to the entire physical and social condition of a human society or its surroundings. The environment is not just the physical surroundings but includes all aspects of people’s lives. The environment is pollution controlled by the process of global pollution control. This process has become possible through different techniques. The major aim of environmental pollution control is to reduce the accumulation of gases, to prevent chemical enrichment and reprocessing, and to prevent soil erosion and run-off.
Carbon dioxide is one of the most important contributors to the atmospheric condition called “CO2″. The concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere has increased remarkably over the last century. One of the results of increasing CO2 levels is the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which trap heat and block the sun’s radiation. The trapping of heat results in a further increase in the Earth’s temperature, leading to a further rise in atmospheric pressure. This results in a cycle that brings about climate change and weather changes. This process is referred to as” Climate Change” and “Air Pollution” respectively.
There are three types of environmental pollution; land pollution, air pollution and water pollution. Land pollution refers to the emission of greenhouse gases and other harmful substances from land, while air pollution is the emission of polluting agents from the atmosphere. Water pollution is any pollutant discharge from land or the oceans.
There are two types of pollutants that are not natural in nature, i.e. hazardous wastes arising from human activity. Among these are waste products from mining, fire, solid waste from construction, and toxic wastes from factories. Some of these pollutants cause global warming. There are also some pollutants that are produced in large quantities and consequently pose a severe threat to the environment if not managed properly.
There have been many debates on how should the environment be viewed, especially in light of the growing threats that environmental pollution has presented. Opponents of growth argue that the growth of economy and population will result in more pollution due to the increasing demand for energy and raw materials, and competition among developed and developing countries for valuable resources such as coal and petroleum. They also fear that environmental pollution will slow down the pace of global warming. Environmental groups counter that the increased economy will allow the extraction of valuable resources and employment opportunities for many people around the world.